Percy Williams Bridgman (21 April 1882 – 20 August 1961) was an American physicist. In 1946, Percy Williams Bridgman was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics.
Life and Career
Percy Williams Bridgman was born on 21 April 1882, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.
Bridgman attended Harvard University, where he received his undergraduate degree in 1904. He continued his studies at Harvard, earning a Ph.D. in physics in 1908.
Bridgman’s career was primarily focused on experimental physics, particularly in the field of high-pressure physics.
He developed innovative techniques and apparatus for subjecting materials to extremely high pressures, allowing him to explore the effects of pressure on various substances.
In 1946, he received the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on the effects of high pressure on matter, specifically for his development of the Bridgman seal and his studies on the behavior of matter under high pressure.
Bridgman’s research had applications in various fields, including geology, chemistry, and materials science.
Percy Williams Bridgman passed away on August 20, 1961, in Randolph, New Hampshire, USA.
Award and Legacy
Percy Williams Bridgman was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1946 “for the invention of an apparatus to produce extremely high pressures, and for the discoveries he made therewith in the field of high-pressure physics.”
Bridgman’s pioneering work in high-pressure physics had a profound impact on various scientific disciplines. His research laid the foundation for understanding the behavior of matter at extreme pressures, which is crucial for fields like materials science, geology, and condensed matter physics.
The Bridgmanite mineral, which was discovered in the Earth’s lower mantle and is one of the most abundant minerals in the Earth’s interior, was named in his honor.
His contributions to science and his innovative approach to experimentation continue to inspire scientists and researchers in various fields.