Brasilia’s Anniversary

OV Digital Desk

Brasília is the capital city of Brazil, located in the Federal District in the central part of the country. It was founded on 21 April 1960 and is known for its unique modernist architecture and urban planning.  On 21 April 2012, Google celebrated Brasilia’s Anniversary.


Brasília was planned and built as the new capital of Brazil to promote the country’s interior development and reduce the concentration of political and economic power in coastal cities. The decision to construct a new capital was made in 1956, and the city was designed by the renowned Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer and urban planner Lúcio Costa. Construction began in 1957, and the city was officially inaugurated as the capital of Brazil on April 21, 1960.

Brasília is famous for its unique modernist architecture, characterized by its innovative and futuristic design. Many of the city’s buildings were designed by Oscar Niemeyer, known for his curved lines, bold forms, and use of reinforced concrete. The city’s architecture includes notable landmarks such as the National Congress of Brazil, the Presidential Palace, the Cathedral of Brasília, and the Juscelino Kubitschek Bridge, among others.

Brasília’s urban planning is also noteworthy, as it was designed to be a modern, functional, and car-centric city with distinct zones for residential, commercial, and governmental activities. The city’s layout is based on the shape of an airplane or a bird, with the main government buildings and the President’s residence located in the “head,” and the residential and commercial areas spreading out in a planned manner along “wings” and “fuselage.”

Brasília has a population of over 3 million people, making it the fourth most populous city in Brazil. The city is known for its diverse population, with people from different regions of Brazil and around the world living and working in the city. Brasília has a vibrant cultural scene, with numerous museums, theaters, and cultural events taking place throughout the year. The city’s architecture, urban planning, and unique cultural mix have led to its recognition as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Brasília is not only the political capital of Brazil but also an important economic center. It houses the headquarters of many government agencies, diplomatic missions, and international organizations. Additionally, the city has a thriving service sector, including banking, commerce, and tourism, which contribute significantly to its economy.