14 July: Bastille Day 2022 and its Significance

14 July: Bastille Day 2022 and its Significance

Bastille Day, in France and its overseas départements and territories, holiday marking the anniversary of the fall on 14 July 1789, of the Bastille, in Paris. A medieval fortress that eventually became a prison, the Bastille was originally built as a medieval fortress. In addition to political prisoners, citizens were often detained by the authorities for trial there. Prisoners were sometimes held on the direct order of the king without appeal. By the late 18th century, the Bastille was little used and was scheduled for demolition, but it had come to symbolize the harsh rule of the Bourbon monarchy. During the unrest of 1789, a mob attacked the Bastille to demand the arms and ammunition stored there, and when the guards resisted, the attackers captured the prison and released its seven prisoners. The taking of the Bastille marked the beginning of the French Revolution, and thus the end of the ancien régime.

In English-speaking countries, Bastille Day refers to France’s National Day.

Bastille Day: History

Bastille Day was first celebrated on July 14, 1790, exactly one year after the Bastille fell. Since then, large parties have been held all over the world.

A mob of French revolutionaries stormed Paris Bastille in 1789, and the day is known as Bastille Day in English-speaking countries. During the French Revolution, it was a major turning point.

On July 14, 1789, the Bastille in Paris and the monarchy fell on the anniversary of the fall of the Bastille.  In 1880, it became an official holiday.

Read More: 14 July in Indian and World History

Bastille Day: Celebration

France celebrates this holiday as ‘Fête Nationale’. Throughout the day, military parades, fireworks, speeches, and public displays are held. Vive le 14 Juillet!” (“Long live the 14th of July!”) is the slogan associated with the day.

Facts About Bastille Day
  • In France, nobody calls it “Bastille Day.” It is known as la Fête Nationale, or “the National Holiday.”
  • It wasn’t intended to serve as a prison when the Bastille was built.
  • One year after the Bastille was stormed, a huge festival was held. On July 14, 1790, the Bastille was destroyed, its pieces scattered around the world by souvenir collectors.
  • Western Europe’s largest and oldest regular military parade is held on Bastille Day.

OV Digital Desk