14 August: Partition Horrors Remembrance Day 2022 and its Significance

OV Digital Desk
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Partition Horrors Remembrance Day

Lord Mountbatten meets Nehru, Jinnah and other Leaders to plan the Partition of India in 1947.

Partition Horrors Remembrance Day is a yearly celebration on 14 August. It aims to remember the victims and sufferings of people during the Partition of India.

During the partition, many Indians suffered. Several families were displaced, and many people died in the partition. In order to further strengthen oneness, social harmony, and human empowerment, it aims to remove social divisions and disharmony.

The theme of Partition Horrors Remembrance Day 2022

The 14th of August is Partition Horrors Remembrance Day. The purpose of it is to remember the victims and sufferings of the Partition of India. The goal is to make Indians realize they need to get rid of social divisions, and disharmony, and support the spirit of oneness, social harmony, and empowerment. There is no specific theme for the day.

Quick facts India Partition

Here are quick facts about India Partition:

  • As a result of the partition, between 10 and 20 million people were displaced along religious lines, causing an overwhelming refugee crisis in the newly formed countries.
  • Estimates of the death toll accompanying or preceding the partition vary between several hundred thousand and two million.
  • It’s estimated that 500,000-800,000 people lost their lives in Punjab alone, and 10 million fled.
  • Radcliffe didn’t know much about India’s geography.
  • Radcliffe divided the two nations based on maps, castes, and religions.
  • Radcliffe had never been to India before the partition.
  • When he arrived in India on 8 July 1947, he was told what he had to accomplish. The British government gave him only 5 weeks to complete the daunting task.
  • Radcliffe had finalised the maps between Aug 9 to Aug 14, but it was delayed due to some controversy.
  • On the day of partition, people of Bengal’s Muslim- dominated districts- Murshidabad and Malda- had put Pakistani flags on their houses, but they later came to know that was part of India. Chittagong, with only a 2 per cent Muslim population went to Pakistan (now Bangladesh).
History of Partition Horrors Remembrance Day

British India was divided into two independent Dominions: India and Pakistan. The two states have since been reorganized: the Dominion of India is now the Republic of India (since 1950), while the Dominion of Pakistan is now the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (since 1956) and the People’s Republic of Bangladesh (since 1971). As part of the partition, Bengal and Punjab were divided based on district-wide non-Muslim or Muslim majorities. As part of the partition, the British Indian Army, the Royal Indian Navy, the Indian Civil Service, the railways, and the central Treasury were divided. The partition was outlined in the Indian Independence Act 1947 and resulted in the dissolution of the British Raj, i.e. Crown rule in India. The two self-governing independent Dominions of India and Pakistan legally came into existence at midnight on 15 August 1947.

On 14 August 2021, Prime Minister Narendra Modi declared that the 14 of August annually will be remembered as Partition Horrors Remembrance Day to remind the nation of the sufferings and sacrifices of Indians during the partition in 1947. On 14 August 2021, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said,

Partitions pains can never be forgotten. Millions of our sisters and brothers were displaced and many lost their lives due to mindless hate and violence. In memory of the struggles and sacrifices of our people, 14th August will be observed as Partition Horrors Remembrance Day, May the Partition Horrors Remembrance Day keep reminding us of the need to remove the poison of social divisions, disharmony and further strengthen the spirit of oneness, social harmony and human empowerment.

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