Arthur Henderson (13 September 1863 – 20 October 1935) was a British iron moulder and Labour politician. In 1934, Arthur Henderson was awarded the Nobel Prize.

Life and Career

Arthur Henderson was born on 13 September 1863, in Glasgow, Scotland.

Henderson received only a basic education due to his family’s limited financial means. He started working in a cotton mill at a young age.

He became active in the trade union movement and rose through the ranks of the Iron and Steel Workers’ Union.

Henderson entered politics as a member of the Independent Labour Party (ILP) and was elected as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Barnard Castle in 1903. He played a significant role in the formation of the Labour Party in 1906 and served as its secretary.

Henderson served as a cabinet minister in the governments of H.H. Asquith and David Lloyd George during World War I, becoming the first member of the Labour Party to do so. He held various ministerial positions, including President of the Board of Education and Home Secretary.

He continued to be active in politics and diplomacy, advocating for disarmament and international cooperation.

Arthur Henderson passed away on October 20, 1935, in Geneva, Switzerland, at the age of 72.

Award and Legacy

Henderson was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1934 for his work in promoting disarmament and peace. He received the prize for his role as chairman of the World Disarmament Conference.

Arthur Henderson is remembered for his dedication to the Labour Party and his advocacy for peace and disarmament.

He played a crucial role in the establishment of the League of Nations, an intergovernmental organization formed after World War I to promote international cooperation and prevent future conflicts.

Henderson’s legacy lives on in the history of the Labour Party and his contributions to the cause of peace.

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