10 February in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 10 January is the birth anniversary of Surendra Kumar Srivastava, Darbara Singh, Kuriakose Elias Chavara, Parmanand Shrivastav, and Kumar Vishwas.
10 February is also observed as the death anniversary of Raja Bakhtawar Singh, Shani, and Sudama Pandey Dhoomil.
10 February in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Surendra Kumar Srivastava (10 February 1915 – 2001) was a well-known writer. His progressive works were published in ‘Hans’ and ‘Purvanchal’. He was born on 10 February 1915 in Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh.
Darbara Singh (10 February 1916 – 10 March 1990) was an Indian National Congress politician and former Chief Minister of Punjab. He was the Chief Minister of Punjab from 6 June 1980 to 10 October 1983. He was born on 10 February 1916 in Jalandhar.
Kuriakose Elias Chavara (10 February 1805 – 3 January 1871) was a Syrian Catholic saint and social reformer from Kerala. On 23 November 2014, Pope Francis posthumously beatified her in St. Peter’s Square. He was born on 10 February 1805 in Alappuzha, Kerala.
Parmanand Shrivastav (10 February 1935 – 5 November 2013) was a distinguished litterateur counted among the top critics of Hindi. He was awarded the Vyas Samman in the year 2006 for his remarkable contribution in the field of criticism. He had a special contribution to the establishment of Premchand Peeth at Gorakhpur University. Apart from writing several books, he also edited the Hindi language literary magazine ‘Alochana’. Parmanand Srivastava was the recipient of the ‘Bharat Bharti Award’. He was born on 10 February 1935.
Kumar Vishwas is a leading Hindi language poet. The songs of Shringar Ras are their specialty. He was born on 10 February 1970.
Read More: 8 February in Indian and World History
10 February in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Raja Bakhtawar Singh was the ruler of Amjhera town in the Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh, who fought against the British in Madhya Pradesh in the 1857 War of Independence. After a long struggle, he was imprisoned by the British by deceit. In 1858, he was hanged on a neem tree on the premises of Maharaja Yashwant Hospital, Indore. His family moved to Ringnod fort which was the second fort of Amjhera. The last ruler of Amjhera was Rao Laxman Singh ji Rathore. He died on 10 February 1858.
Shani (10 May 1933 – 10 February 1995) was a famous story writer and the founder-editor of Sahitya Akademi’s magazine ‘Contemporary Indian Literature’ and ‘Interview’. He also worked for some time in the ‘Navbharat Times’. Apart from many Indian languages, his works were also translated into Russian, Lithuanian, Czech, and English. He is decorated with the ‘Shikhar Samman’ of Madhya Pradesh and awarded by the Government of Uttar Pradesh.
Sudama Pandey Dhoomil (9 November 1936 – 10 February 1975) was a contemporary Hindi poet. His poems find the most powerful expression of the pain and indignation of the disillusionment of the dream of freedom. To show the mirror to the system which has cheated the public is the ultimate goal of Dhumil’s poems. He was posthumously awarded the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1979.
Read More: 9 February in Indian and World History
Notable events on 10 February in Indian and World History
10 February 1495 – Sir William Stanley was put to death in England.
10 February 1616 – Britain’s ambassador Sir Thomas Roe came to the court of Mughal ruler Jahangir in Ajmer.
10 February 1763 – Under the Treaty of Paris, France gave Canada to Britain.
10 February 1811 – Russian troops captured Belgrade.
10 February 1817 – Britain, Prussia, Austria, and Russia announced the withdrawal of their forces from France.
10 February 1818 – The third and last war between the British and the Marathas was fought at Rampur.
10 February 1828 – South American revolutionary Simon Bolivar became the ruler of Colombia.
10 February 1846 – The British defeated the Sikhs in the Battle of Sobraon.
10 February 1848 – Fernand I implemented the new constitution.
10 February 1879 – For the first time, electricity was used for lighting in the California Theater of America.
10 February 1890 – Birth of Russian writer Boris Pasternak.
10 February 1897 – John Franklin Enders an American biomedical scientist, and Nobel Laureate, was born.
10 February 1904 – Japan and Russia declared war.
10 February 1912 – King George V and Queen Mary of Britain leaves India.
10 February 1916 – Military conscription begins in Britain.
10 February 1918 – Soviet leader Leo Trotsky announces Russia’s withdrawal from World War I.
10 February 1923 – Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen, a German physicist and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.
10 February 1931 – Delhi became the capital of India.
10 February 1933 – Germany’s dictator Hitler announced the end of Marxism.
10 February 1939 – Japanese troops take over Henan Island, China.
10 February 1947 – Establishment of the Netherlands Radio Union.
10 February 1943 – British soldiers reached the border of Tunisia in World War II.
10 February 1959 – 19 killed and 265 injured by a tornado in St. Louis, USA.
10 February 1966 – Harmel’s government resigned in the European country Belgium.
10 February 1969 – US, UK, and France reject German ban on travel to West Berlin.
10 February 1972 – The Soviet Union conducted a nuclear test in East Kazakhstan.
10 February 1974 – Iraq claims to have killed 70 Iranian soldiers in border clashes.
10 February 1979 – Itanagar was made the capital of Arunachal Pradesh.
10 February 1981 – Comet discovery by astronomer Rai Panther.
10 February 1984 – Death of Soviet President Yuri Andropov.
10 February 1992 – Andaman and Nicobar Islands open to foreign tourists.
10 February 1996 – IBM supercomputer ‘Deep Blue’ defeated Gary Kasparov in chess.
10 February 2006 – King supporters registered victory in Nepal’s municipal elections.
10 February 2008 – 42 rebels were killed in the conflict between soldiers and LTTE in the north of Sri Lanka.
10 February 2013 – Stampede during the Kumbh Mela in Allahabad killed 36 people while 39 others were injured.