1 November in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk
17 Min Read

1 November in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 1 November is the birth anniversary of Ramesh Chandra Lahoti, Narendra Achyut Dabholkar, Nita Mukesh Ambani, Aishwarya Rai Bachchan, Vangipurapu Venkata Sai Laxman, and Ileana D’Cruz

1 November is also observed as the death anniversary of S. Ali Raza.

Birth Anniversary

1 November in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Ramesh Chandra Lahoti (1 November 1940 – 23 March 2022)  was the 35th Chief Justice of India, serving from 1 June 2004 to 1 November 2005.  He was appointed a Judge of the Supreme Court of India on 9 December 1998. He retired on his 65th birthday giving him a term of 17 months.

- Advertisement -

Narendra Achyut Dabholkar (1 November 1945 – 20 August 2013) was an Indian physician, social activist, rationalist and author from Maharashtra, India. In 1989 he founded and became president of the Maharashtra Andhashraddha Nirmoolan Samiti (MANS, Committee for Eradication of Superstition in Maharashtra). Triggered by his assassination in 2013, the pending Anti-Superstition and Black Magic Ordinance was promulgated in the state of Maharashtra, four days later. In 2014, he was posthumously awarded the Padma Shri for social work.

Nita Mukesh Ambani (born 1 November 1963) is an Indian philanthropist. She is the chairperson and founder of the Reliance Foundation, Dhirubhai Ambani International School, and a director of Reliance Industries.

Aishwarya Rai Bachchan (born 1 November 1973) is an Indian actress who is primarily known for her work in Hindi and Tamil films. The winner of the Miss World 1994 pageant, she later has established herself as one of the most popular and influential celebrities in India. Rai has received numerous accolades, including two Filmfare Awards, and was honoured with the Padma Shri by the Government of India in 2009 and the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres by the Government of France in 2012.

Vangipurapu Venkata Sai Laxman (born 1 November 1974) is a former Indian international cricketer and a former cricket commentator and pundit. A right-hand batsman known for his elegant stroke play, Laxman played as a middle-order batsman in Test cricket.

Ileana D’Cruz (born 1 November 1987) is an Indian-born Portuguese actress who predominantly appears in Hindi, Telugu, and Tamil language films. D’Cruz was born in Mumbai and spent most of her childhood in Goa.

- Advertisement -

Death Anniversary

1 November in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities

Ali Raza (9 January 1925 – 1 November 2007) was an Indian film screenwriter and director associated with writing the script for hit films such as Aan, Andaz, Mother India, Reshma Aur Shera, Raja Jani and Dus Numbri.

Notable events on 1 November in Indian and World History

- Advertisement -

1 November 1604 – William Shakespeare’s tragedy Othello is performed for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London.

1 November 1611 – Shakespeare’s play The Tempest is performed for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London.

1 November 1612 – During the Time of Troubles, Polish troops are expelled from Moscow’s Kitay-gorod by Russian troops under the command of Dmitry Pozharsky (22 October O.S.).

1 November 1683 – The British Crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties.

1 November 1688 – William III of Orange sets out a second time from Hellevoetsluis in the Netherlands to seize the crowns of England, Scotland, and Ireland from King James II of England during the Glorious Revolution.

1 November 1755 – In Portugal, Lisbon is totally devastated by a massive earthquake and tsunami, killing an estimated 40,000 to 60,000 people.

1 November 1765 – The British Parliament enacts the Stamp Act on the Thirteen Colonies in order to help pay for British military operations in North America.

1 November 1790 – Edmund Burke publishes Reflections on the Revolution in France, in which he predicts that the French Revolution will end in disaster.

1 November 1800 – John Adams becomes the first President of the United States to live in the Executive Mansion (later renamed the White House).

1 November 1805 – Napoleon Bonaparte invades Austria during the War of the Third Coalition.

1 November 1814 – The Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France in the Napoleonic Wars.

1 November 1848 – In Boston, Massachusetts, the first medical school for women, Boston Female 1 November Medical School (which later merged with the Boston University School of Medicine), opens.

1 November 1861 – American Civil War: U.S. President Abraham Lincoln appoints George B. McClellan as the commander of the Union Army, replacing General Winfield Scott.

1 November 1870 – In the United States, the Weather Bureau (later renamed the National Weather Service) makes its first official meteorological forecast.

1 November 1893 – The Battle of Bembezi took place and was the most decisive battle won by the British in the First Matabele War of 1893.

1 November 1894 – Nicholas II becomes the new (and last) Tsar of Russia after his father, Alexander III, dies.

1 November 1894 – Buffalo Bill, 15 of his Native Americans, and Annie Oakley were filmed by Thomas Edison in his Black Maria Studio in West Orange, New Jersey.

1 November 1896 – A picture showing the bare breasts of a woman appears in National Geographic magazine for the first time.

1 November 1897 – The first Library of Congress building opened its doors to the public; the library had previously been housed in the Congressional Reading Room in the U.S. Capitol.

1 November 1897 – Italian Sport Club Juventus is founded by a group of students of Liceo Classico Massimo d’Azeglio.

1 November 1889 – Philip Noel-Baker, a British politician, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

1 November 1905 – Lahti, the city of Finland, is granted city rights by Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, the last Grand Duke of Finland.

1 November 1911 – World’s first combat aerial bombing mission takes place in Libya during the Italo-Turkish War. Second Lieutenant Giulio Gavotti of Italy drops several small bombs.

1 November 1914 – World War I: The first British Royal Navy defeat of the war with Germany, the Battle of Coronel, is fought off of the western coast of Chile, in the Pacific, with the loss of HMS Good Hope and HMS Monmouth.

1 November 1914 – World War I: The Australian Imperial Force (AIF) departed by ship in a single convoy from Albany, Western Australia bound for Egypt.

1 November 1916 – In Russia, Pavel Milyukov delivers in the State Duma the famous “stupidity or treason” speech, precipitating the downfall of the government of Boris Stürmer.

1 November 1918 – World War I: With a brave action carried out into the waters of the Austro-Hungarian port of Pula, two officers of the Italian Regia Marina sink with a manned torpedo the enemy battleship SMS Viribus Unitis.

1 November 1918 – Malbone Street Wreck: The worst rapid transit accident in US history occurs under the intersection of Malbone Street and Flatbush Avenue, Brooklyn, New York City, with at least 102 deaths.

1 November 1918 – Western Ukraine separates from Austria-Hungary.

1 November 1922 – Abolition of the Ottoman sultanate: The last sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed VI, abdicates.

1 November 1928 – The Law on the Adoption and Implementation of the Turkish Alphabet, replaces the Arabic alphabet with the Latin alphabet.

1 November 1937 – Stalinists execute Pastor Paul Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan’s Lutheran community.

1 November 1938 – Seabiscuit defeats War Admiral in an upset victory during a match race deemed “the match of the century” in horse racing.

1 November 1941 – American photographer Ansel Adams takes a picture of a moonrise over the town of Hernandez, New Mexico that would become one of the most famous images in the history of photography.

1 November 1942 – World War II: Matanikau Offensive begins during the Guadalcanal Campaign and ends three days later with an American victory.

1 November 1943 – World War II: The 3rd Marine Division, United States Marines, landing on Bougainville in the Solomon Islands, secures a beachhead, leading that night to a naval clash at the Battle of Empress Augusta Bay.

1 November 1944 – World War II: Units of the British Army land at Walcheren.

1 November 1945 – The official North Korean newspaper, Rodong Sinmun, is first published under the name Chongro.

1 November 1948 – Athenagoras I, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, is enthroned.

1 November 1949 – All 55 people on board Eastern Air Lines Flight 537 are killed when the Douglas DC-4 operating the flight collides in mid-air with a Bolivian Air Force Lockheed P-38 Lightning aircraft over Alexandria, Virginia.

1 November 1950 – Puerto Rican nationalists Griselio Torresola and Oscar Collazo attempt to assassinate US President Harry S. Truman at Blair House.

1 November 1950 – Robert B. Laughlin, an American physicist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

1 November 1951 – Operation Buster–Jangle: Six thousand five hundred United States Army soldiers are exposed to ‘Desert Rock’ atomic explosions for training purposes in Nevada. Participation is not voluntary.

1 November 1952 – Nuclear weapons testing: The United States successfully detonates Ivy Mike, the first thermonuclear device, at the Eniwetok atoll. The explosion had a yield of ten megatons TNT equivalent.

1 November 1954 – The Front de Libération Nationale fires the first shots of the Algerian War of Independence.

1 November 1955 – The establishment of a Military Assistance Advisory Group in South Vietnam marks the beginning of American involvement in the conflict.

1 November 1956 – The Indian states Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, and Mysore are formally created under the States Reorganisation Act; Kanyakumari district is joined to Tamil Nadu from Kerala.

1 November 1956 – The Springhill mining disaster in Springhill, Nova Scotia kills 39 miners; 88 are rescued.

1 November 1957 – The Mackinac Bridge, the world’s longest suspension bridge between anchorages at the time, opens to traffic connecting Michigan’s upper and lower peninsulas.

1 November 1963 – The Arecibo Observatory in Arecibo, Puerto Rico, with the largest radio telescope ever constructed, officially opens.

1 November 1963 – The 1963 South Vietnamese coup begins.

1 November 1968 – The Motion Picture Association of America’s film rating system is officially introduced, originating with the ratings G, M, R, and X.

1 November 1970 – Club Cinq-Sept fire in Saint-Laurent-du-Pont, France kills 146 young people.

1 November 1973 – Watergate scandal: Leon Jaworski is appointed as the new Watergate Special Prosecutor.

1 November 1973 – The Indian state of Mysore is renamed as Karnataka to represent all the regions within Karunadu.

1 November 1979 – In Bolivia, Colonel Alberto Natusch executes a bloody coup d’état against the constitutional government of Wálter Guevara.

1 November 1979 – Griselda Álvarez becomes the first female governor of a state of Mexico.

1 November 1981 – Antigua and Barbuda gains independence from the United Kingdom.

1 November 1982 – Honda becomes the first Asian automobile company to produce cars in the United States with the opening of its factory in Marysville, Ohio; a Honda Accord is the first car produced there.

1 November 1984 – After the assassination of Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India on 31 October 1984, by two of her Sikh bodyguards, anti-Sikh riots erupt.

1 November 1987 – British Rail Class 43 (HST) hits the record speed of 238 km/h for rail vehicles with on-board fuel to generate electricity for traction motors.

1 November 1991 – President of the Chechen Republic Dzhokhar Dudayev declares sovereignty of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria from the Russian Federation.

1 November 1993 – The Maastricht Treaty takes effect, formally establishing the European Union.

1 November 2000 – Chhattisgarh officially becomes the 26th state of India, formed from sixteen districts of eastern Madhya Pradesh.

1 November 2000 – Serbia and Montenegro joins the United Nations.

1 November 2001 – Turkey, Australia, and Canada agree to commit troops to the invasion of Afghanistan.

1 November 2011 – Mario Draghi succeeds Jean-Claude Trichet and becomes the third president of the European Central Bank.

Important Days

Kerala Day also referred to as Kerala Piravi, marks the birth of the state of Kerala in southern India. The state of Kerala was created on 1 November 1956, long after the Independence of India.

1 November of every year is celebrated as Chhattisgarh Rajyotsava (Chhattisgarh Foundation Day) as on this date in the year 2000 Government of India officially declared it to be an independent state.

Karnataka Rajyotsava, also known as Karnataka State Day, is a state public holiday and celebrated on 1 November of every year. This was the day in 1956 when all the Kannada language-speaking regions of southwestern India were merged to form the state of Karnataka.

National Brush Day is observed in the United States on November 1, the day after Halloween, to reinforce the importance of children’s oral health and promote good tooth-brushing habits recommended by dental experts.

World Vegan Day is a global event celebrated annually on 1 November. Vegans celebrate the benefits of veganism for animals, humans, and the natural environment through activities such as setting up stalls, hosting potlucks, and planting memorial trees.

Share This Article